Genesis 3:12-13

Translation

וַיֹּאמֶר הָֽאָדָ֑ם הָֽאִשָּׁה אֲשֶׁר נָתַתָּה עִמָּדִי הִוא נָֽתְנָה־לִּי מִן־הָעֵץ וָאֹכֵֽל׃  וַיֹּאמֶר יְהוָה אֱלֹהִים לָאִשָּׁה מַה־זֹּאת עָשִׂ֑ית וַתֹּאמֶר הָֽאִשָּׁה הַנָּחָשׁ הִשִּׁיאַנִי וָאֹכֵֽל

And the man answered, “The woman whom You gave to be with me? She gave to me from the tree, and I ate.” Then the LORD God said to the woman, “What is this you have done?” And the woman said, “The serpent led me astray, and I ate.”

Commentary

The confessions in these two verses are compromised by each shifting the blame to someone else — Adam to his wife, the wife to the serpent.

The woman … with me?: the question mark is added to emphasize the rhetorical nature of this first clause. Here, Adam is saying to God, “Hey, you know that woman you gave me? She’s the one to blame, not me”

beguiled: this verb (הִשִּׁיאַנִיhishee’ani), when used in the hiphil or causative stem, as it is in this verse, connotes the sense of having been caused to “go astray”, “to be seduced”, “to be mislead”, “to be deceived”, or “to be beguiled”.

Preliminary Translations

My translation conventions can be found here.

Mechanical

And-said the-man, “The-woman which you-gave with-me she gave-to-me from-the-tree and-I-was-caused to eat.”  Then said the LORD God to the woman, “What-this you-did?” And-said-the-woman, “The serpent caused-me-to-go-astray and-I-ate

Literal

And the man said, “The woman that you gave [to be] with me? She gave to me from the tree and I was caused to eat. Then the LORD God said to the woman,  “What is this you did?” And the woman said, “The serpent lead me astray and I ate.

Commercial Bible Translations

  • (nas) And the man said, “The woman whom Thou gavest to be with me, she gave me from the tree, and I ate.” Then the LORD God said to the woman, “What is this you have done?” And the woman said, “The serpent deceived me, and I ate.”
  • (kjv) And the man said, The woman whom thou gavest to be with me, she gave me of the tree, and I did eat. And the LORD God said unto the woman, What is this that thou hast done? And the woman said, The serpent beguiled me, and I did eat.
  • (niv) The man said, “The woman you put here with me–she gave me some fruit from the tree, and I ate it.” Then the LORD God said to the woman, “What is this you have done?” The woman said, “The serpent deceived me, and I ate.”
  • (nlt) The man replied, “It was the woman you gave me who gave me the fruit, and I ate it.” Then the LORD God asked the woman, “What have you done?” “The serpent deceived me,” she replied. “That’s why I ate it.”

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